To champion the cause of The Depressed Classes in India and to give voice to the injustices meted out to them, Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar thought it imperative to start a newspaper for the same. With the financial aid given by The Maharaja of Kolhapur, HH Rajshri Shahu Maharaj, Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar was able to convert his thought into a reality. On 31st January, 1920, Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar started a Marathi weekly paper named, ‘Mooknayak’, (means ‘Leader of the Dumb’). However, in order to pursue higher studies of Barrister-at-Law, Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar left for London, U.K. In the meantime, unfortunately, the publishing of the weekly paper ‘Mooknayak’ was discontinued and the ‘Mooknayak’ really went ‘dumb’ forever.
Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar after his completion of Barrister-at-Law studies returned to India. On 3rd April, 1927, he started a Marathi fortnightly paper called ‘Bahishkrit Bharat’, (means ‘Outcast India’). After his return from London, Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar started social movements in India. The memorable Chavdar Tale Satyagraha or The Mahad Satyagraha, became a strong incentive for the launch of ‘Bahishkrit Bharat’. The Satyagraha ushered a new era for the Depressed Classes of India. The success of the Mahad Satyagraha, attracted severe criticism from the Hindu extremists and the Sanatani Hindus. In order to reply to these criticisms, ‘Bahishkrit Bharat’ was born.
During this period, Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar preferred independent Legal practice than seeking any Government job. He believed, the professional and financial independence would help him present and place his thoughts and views more effectively. Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar had accumulated enough savings to start ‘Bahishkrit Bharat’. Through the medium of his mouthpiece, Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar vociferously addressed the castigations and aspersions of the Sanatani Hindus against him and his movement. He not only wrote to awaken The Depressed Classes but also to vehemently attack the Hindu social system on caste and it’s inherent discriminations. Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar thus firmly declared, “Untouchability is a blemish not on the Hindu religion but is a blemish on our own body and to erase that we ourselves are committed for it”.
The first edition of ‘Bahishkrit Bharat’ came out on 3rd April, 1927 and the last edition came out on 15th November, 1929. Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar wrote extensively on political and social issues in this period. If one studies his writings and read it considerately, one can fathom the views and thoughts of Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar and his strong belief in them. His writings in ‘Bahishkrit Bharat’ are still worthy to be referred and are as inspiring and thought-provoking as they were then.